Produção Científica

**Apresentação**

Automatic first-breaks picking using linear moveout correction and complex seismic tracesA correção estática corresponde a um deslocamento em tempo, aplicado ao traço sísmico, para eliminar a variação no tempo das reflexões causada pela variação da topografia e da camada de intemperismo. Essa correção depende da determinação precisa dos tempos das primeiras quebras, processo este denominado de picking. De um modo geral, a primeira quebra está relacionada com as condições próximas a superfície, como o tipo de fonte e a relação sinal/ruído. Tradicionalmente, a determinação do sinal que corresponde à primeira quebra foi realizada através de uma inspeção visual das amplitudes, e os picking feitos manualmente. Além de ser muito demorada, essa estratégia pode levar a escolhas tendenciosas e inconsistentes, pois, depende da subjetividade de cada profissional. Com o desenvolvimento de computadores modernos, foram criados softwares de picking automáticos, ainda assim, todo o procedimento ainda é muito demorado e subjetivo. Nesse contexto, é proposto um método de picking capaz de determinar, de forma automática e confiável as primeiras quebras do sismograma de reflexão para cálculo das correções estáticas. Os resultados obtidos, sobre dados sintéticos e reais, mostram que o método proposto é robusto, computacionalmente eficiente e fácil de aplicar. |

**Apresentação**

Obtaining interval velocities using an adaptive hybrid inversion multiscale approachThe understanding of the interior of the planet through the seismic method requires the mapping of the velocities with which the elastic waves propagate. The main objective of this work is the development of improved techniques to obtain interval velocities in time, by inversion of RMS velocities. In this article, the data inversion is performed with a combination of local and global optimization methods. In order to reduce the problems related to the large number of inversion parameters, a multiscale approach will be presented in the parameter domain. The proposed method is tested in subdetermined problems and with addition of noise. The results shown in the M3 model simulate how this methodology it can be applied applied to real data, which raises the relevance of this research. |

**Apresentação**

Influence of Topography and Low Velocity Layer on Seismic ImageThis work analyzes the effects of static field corrections and residual correction, and when this can be neglected, by comparing the results of modeling and processing of synthetic seismic data. Both direct modeling and processing were done using ProMAX/SeisSpace software. During processing, the following steps were applied: geometry, editing, static corrections, velocity analysis, stacking and residual static corrections. In the modeling phase, models were created in different situations to analyze the influence of static corrections, a very important step for the processing of land seismic data. The results show how impaired the seismic section is in terms of different degrees of variation of the topography and the thickness of the weathered layer. |

**Apresentação**

Full-waveform inversion using alternative objective functions in the presence of noise and uncertainties of source signatureFull-waveform inversion (FWI) is a method able to estimate model parameters in subsurface from seismic data. The algorithm consists on the minimization of an objective function that relates observed seismic data and synthetic data for the estimated model. Thus, the successful application of FWI depends on the accurate correspondence between modeled and field data. Some problems that appear in the application of FWI to field data are dealt by using alternative functionals for objective function. The results, obtained by using synthetic data, show that the definition based on the least absolute value norm and the cross-correlation error measure have advantages over least squares norm, turning the method more robust when facing noisy data and uncertainties in source signature used for inversion. The quasi-Newton formulation of L-BFGS method is applied to non-quadratic objective functions without affecting, in practice, the convergence of inversion scheme. |

**Apresentação**

Otimização automática do custo de processamento de programas SPITS na AWSPlataformas de serviço de computação em nuvem oferecem uma ampla variedade de recursos computacionais que possuem características de desempenho com custos diferenciados. Neste trabalho, investigamos como as instancias Spot e as zonas de disponibilidade da Amazon Web Services (AWS) podem ser utilizadas para a redução do custo de processamento. Em adição propomos um algoritmo de gerenciamento automático de instâncias na AWS para otimizar custo na execução de programas implementados sobre o modelo de programação Scalable Partially Idempotent Task System (SPITS). Os resultados obtidos indicam que o método proposto é capaz de identificar para ajustar dinamicamente os tipos de máquinas virtuais que oferecem o melhor custo-benefício. |

**Apresentação**

Denoising of the groundroll using Wavelets ThresholdingIn this work the method is based on the spectral decomposition of the seismic data using Wavelet Transforms (WT) to attenuate the groundroll. The WT is used to represent a signal at different resolutions and various time and frequency contents. The filtering method separates the signal by frequency range and the band of coefficients related to the noise, then signal-to-noise ratio of the seismic data is improved by attenuating the groundroll. The signal filtering is done by estimating a cutoff, threshold (l), for signal amplitudes which are related to noise. The determination of l takes into account the standard deviation and the size of the signal sample. In order to test the efficiency of the method in question, the land seismic line (RL5090) of the Tacutu basin was processed and good results were obtained. |

**Apresentação**

Inversão cinemática em meios TI usando uma nova aproximação do tempo de reflexãoOne of the challenges of traveltime inversion in anisotropic media is the fact that the equations are nonlinear. We present a simple approach to estimate the model parameters in a medium with TI - transverse isotropy. The proposed approach uses the Levenberg-Marquardt (LM) inversion method and shows a better performance in the inversion and in the nmo correction of the seismic section. It was observed that the precision in the estimation of the anisotropy parameter with the proposed approximation depends not only on the correct extraction of the transit times of the data, but also on the value of () and the layer inclination angle of inclination. |

**Apresentação**

Poroelastic modeling in stratified media: Biot-JKD equationsWe represent an exact mathematical procedure for the analysis of the elastic wave propagation in plane layered porous media taking into account the effect of high temporal frequencies. For the characterization of the effect we use the dynamic permeability expression proposed by Jonhson, Koplik and Dashen in 1987. The algorithm is based on a formalism introduced by Ursin in 1983. |

**Apresentação**

Microporosity analysis from petrographic thin-sections and elastic modulus estimative through DEM model in outcrop carbonate rocksCarbonate reservoirs present a complex pore system characterized by their heterogeneity. It affects directly the rock's elastic properties. The external pressure's variation may cause pore volume reductions and affect the propagation velocity of elastics waves in sedimentary rocks. Thus, this paper aims to study the velocity variation of compressional and shear waves and the porosity in carbonate rock samples. By the data analysis from a number of samples, it intends to empirical models (Differential effective medium model – DEM) that relate variations in elastic velocity with changes in porosity. |

**Apresentação**

Synthesis and petrophysical characterization of an artificial mudstone analogousCarbonate rocks are important for rock properties research because they are linked to significant oil and gas reserves around the world. The goal of synthesizing carbonate rocks in laboratory is to simulate the natural carbonate rock matrix regarding the main factors of lithification such as grain size and shape, concentration of cementing material and compaction pressure, and allowing the production of rock specimens that can be used for tests in extreme conditions in replacement of the high cost natural cores. The reproduction of rocks in laboratory also allows to access samples with predetermined characteristics enabling a better understanding of the relationship between their physical properties. In this work, samples of synthetic carbonate rocks were made by mixing a fixed amount of calcite and sand, and varying the amount of cement material (Portland cement and water). The behavior of the main petrophysical characteristics of these samples was investigated, such as porosity, permeability and P- and S-wave velocities versus the amount of cementing material. The results were compared with natural carbonate samples and showed a high similarity to the petrophysical behavior of natural mudstones rocks. |

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